Mothers' long-run career patterns after first birth

Frühwirth-Schnatter, Sylvia, Pamminger, Christoph, Weber, Andrea and Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf (2016) Mothers' long-run career patterns after first birth. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A, 179 (3), pp. 707-725.

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Abstract or Table of Contents

Using Bayesian Markov chain clustering analysis we investigate career paths of Austrian women after their first birth. This data-driven method allows characterizing long-term career paths of mothers over up to 19 years by transitions between parental leave, non-employment and different forms of employment. We classify women into five cluster groups with very different long-run career trajectories after childbearing. We further model group membership with a multinomial specification within the finite mixture model. This approach gives insights into the determinants of long-run outcomes. In particular, giving birth at an older age appears to be associated with very diverse outcomes: it is related to higher odds of dropping out of the labour force, on the one hand, but also to higher odds of reaching a high wage career track, on the other hand. (author's abstract)

Item Type: Article in Academic Journal
Keywords: Family gap; Fertility; Markov chain Monte Carlo methods; Multinomial logit; Panel data; Timing of birth; Transition data
Research Units: Labor Market and Social Policy
Status: Published
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2016 12:30
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2016 12:30

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