Job Finding and Labor Market Outcomes of Cross-Border Commuters in the Central European Region

Wiesböck, LauraORCID:; Haindorfer, Raimund; Verwiebe, Roland and Reinprecht, Christoph (2014) Job Finding and Labor Market Outcomes of Cross-Border Commuters in the Central European Region. 109th ASA Annual Meeting, San Francisco.

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Circular labor mobility within the EU has been strongly promoted through several institutional programs since the 1990s. However, so far the given circumstances for participants, especially for European cross-border commuters, have not been investigated in depth. Our paper aims to close this gap by taking the Central European Region (CENTROPE) as an exemplary instance.
We investigate job-search strategies and related labor market outcomes of cross-border commuters in the regions of the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary bordering on Austria. Theoretically, we build upon a model developed by Aguilera and Massey on the nexus of social networks, job search methods and related labor market outcomes. Methodologically, we use a brand new longitudinal survey on employment careers of cross-border commuters conducted in 2013 (N=2,550). Empirically, the focus of our paper lies on two main research questions: What job search methods do cross-border commuters from Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic use in order to find employment in Austria? What are the labor market outcomes of these job search methods in terms of wages?
Our results strengthen the hypothesis that human and social capital resources serve as key factors for job finding and successful labor market integration. There are substantial gender differences and differences related to previous occupational status and migration experience in regard to the job searching methods and commuters’ wages in Austria. Overall, our results reflect cross-border commuting as a new form of social practice in Europe, and demonstrate the fundamentally unequal opportunity-structure of CENTROPE as a transnational labor market.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Event Organiser: American Sociological Association
Research Units: Current Research Groups > Education and Employment
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2023 08:12
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2023 08:12

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