The impact of occupational structures on ethnic and gendered employment gaps: An event history analysis using social security register data

Vogtenhuber, StefanORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0839-4481; Steiber, NadiaORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9425-8840; Mühlböck, Monika and Kittel, Bernhard (2021) The impact of occupational structures on ethnic and gendered employment gaps: An event history analysis using social security register data. PLOS ONE, 16 (4), e0250398.

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Abstract or Table of Contents

Ethnic and gendered employment gaps are mainly explained by individual characteristics, while less attention is paid to occupational structures. Drawing on administrative data, this article analyses the impact of occupational characteristics on top of individual attributes in the urban labour market of Vienna. Both set of variables can explain observed employment gaps to a large extent, but persistent gaps remain, in particular among females. The article’s main finding is that the occupational structure appears to have gendered effects. While men tend to benefit from ethnic segregation, women face difficulties when looking for jobs with high shares of immigrant workers. Looking for jobs in occupations that recruit from relatively few educational backgrounds (credentials) is beneficial for both sexes at the outset unemployment, but among females this competitive advantage diminishes over time. The article concludes by discussing potential strategies to avoid the traps of occupational segregation.

Item Type: Article in Academic Journal
Funders: Austrian Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Anniversary Fund), IHS Open Access Fund
Research Units: Education and Employment
Status: Published
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2021 11:31
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2021 11:33
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0250398
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: https://irihs.ihs.ac.at/id/eprint/5804

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