Distributional Preferences in Adolescent Peer Networks

Schürz, Simon; Alem, Yonas; Kocher, Martin G.ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6792-1192; Carlsson, Fredrik and Lindahl, Mikael (August 2020) Distributional Preferences in Adolescent Peer Networks. IHS Working Paper Series 20, 36 p.

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We study distributional (“social”) preferences in adolescent peer networks. Using incentivized choices between allocations for themselves and a passive agent, children are classified into efficiency-loving, inequality-loving, inequality-averse, and spiteful types. We find that pairs of students who report a friendship link are more likely to exhibit the same preference type than other students that attend the same school. The relation between types is almost completely driven by inequality-loving and spiteful types. Further analyses suggest that preference peer networks are mainly formed by selection into the network and, to a smaller degree, by preference transmission. The role of peer networks in explaining distributional preferences goes beyond network composition effects. A low rank in academic performance and a central position within the network relate positively to a higher likelihood of being classified as spiteful. Hence, social hierarchies seem to be correlated with distributional preference types.

Item Type: IHS Series
Funders: Centre for Collective Action Research (CeCAR) at the University of Gothenburg, Torsten Söderberg Foundation
Research Units: Former Research Units (until 2020) > Insight Austria
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2020 07:47
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2024 11:03
URI: https://irihs.ihs.ac.at/id/eprint/5411

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