Wage differences between Austrian men and women: semper idem?

Böheim, René; Hofer, Helmut and Zulehner, Christine (2007) Wage differences between Austrian men and women: semper idem? Empirica, 34 (3), pp. 213-229. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10663-007-9038-z

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In most OECD countries, the wage gap between men and women has narrowed during the past two decades. Developments of the last 20 years, e.g., increased labour market attachment of women or the introduction of equal pay laws, may have reduced the gender wage gap. We investigate the extent, persistence, and socio-economic determinants of the gender wage gap in Austria, for the years 1983 and 1997. Using wage decomposition techniques, we find that the average gender wage gap was almost as high in 1997 as it was in 1983. Not accounting for differences, the gender wage gap dropped from 25.5 to 23.3% of men’s wages. Taking observable differences between men and women into account, we estimate that the mean gender wage gap that cannot be explained, i.e., discrimination against women, dropped from 17 to 14% of men’s wages. A decomposition of the gender wage gap over time indicates that both returns to human capital and less discrimination were responsible for the narrowing of the gender wage gap. (authors' abstract)

Item Type: Article in Academic Journal
Keywords: wage differentials, wage inequality, decomposition
Classification Codes (e.g. JEL): J31, J71
Date Deposited: 20 May 2015 10:12
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 14:19
DOI: 10.1007/s10663-007-9038-z
ISSN: 0340-8744 (Print), 1573-6911 (Online)
URI: https://irihs.ihs.ac.at/id/eprint/3399

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