Socioeconomic Factors and Suicide: An Analysis of 18 Industrialized Countries for the Years 1983 Through 2007

Barth, Alfred and Sögner, Leopold and Gnambs, Timo and Kundi, Michael and Reiner, Andreas and Winker, Robert (2011) Socioeconomic Factors and Suicide: An Analysis of 18 Industrialized Countries for the Years 1983 Through 2007. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 53 (3), pp. 313-317.

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Abstract or Table of Contents

Objective: To evaluate the association between socioeconomic factors and suicide rates.
Methods: Analysis of time series of suicide rates, gross domestic product, unemployment rates, labor force participation, and divorce rates of 18 countries are analyzed by the application of panel-vector error correction models. Main outcome measures are the association between the socioeconomic factors and suicide rates.
Results: Decreasing economic growth and increasing divorce rates are significantly associated with increasing suicide rates in men. For women, increasing economic growth, increasing unemployment, and increasing divorce rates are significantly associated with increasing suicides. Increasing female labor force participation is associated with decreasing suicides.
Conclusion: Socioeconomic factors are associated with suicide rates. However, this relationship differs by sex. The current results provide a strong argument that suicide prevention strategies must include the monitoring of socioeconomic development. (author's abstract)

Item Type: Article in Academic Journal
Status: Published
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2015 11:27
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 14:16
URI: http://irihs.ihs.ac.at/id/eprint/2634

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