Party Position Changes through EU Membership?: The (Non-)Europeanisation of Austrian, Finnish and Swedish Political Parties

Kritzinger, Sylvia and Michalowitz, Irina (April 2005) Party Position Changes through EU Membership?: The (Non-)Europeanisation of Austrian, Finnish and Swedish Political Parties. IHS Political Science Series 103

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Abstract: The article seeks to analyse whether a Europeanisation of national parties has taken place amongst the EU-newcomers of 1995 - Austria, Finland and Sweden - studying Euromanifestos. Europeanisation is measured based on two characteristics: first, salience a party attributes to the European level and second, policy positions a party holds towards European issues. Moreover, we assume that Europeanisation may result in an impact on the traditional national cleavage lines changing the dominant Left-Right dimension. Our results show that Europeanisation in terms of salience has indeed taken place; Europeanisation in terms of policy position change, however, could only be observed in Sweden and Austria. Regarding the cleavage structure,we noticed a reinforcement of the Left-Right divide by the European issue in Sweden and in Finland, while in Austria a new cleavage line could be identified: Green/Alternative/Libertarian versus Traditional/Authoritarian/Nationalism. The Europeanisation process has therefore progressed most strongly in Austria. Overall, we conclude that the European integration process does have an influence on national political parties.;

Item Type: IHS Series
Keywords: 'Europäisierung' 'Politische Parteien' 'EU-Neumitgliedsstaaten 1995' 'Europäische Parteiprogramme' 'Links-Rechts Dimension' 'Europeanisation' 'Political parties' 'EU newcomers 1995' 'Euro-manifestos' 'Left-Right dimension'
Status: Published
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2014 10:38
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2017 05:19
URI: http://irihs.ihs.ac.at/id/eprint/1636

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