individual publication productivity as a social position effect in academic and industrial research units: (revised version)

Knorr, Karin D. and Mittermeir, Roland and Aichholzer, Georg and Waller, Georg (October 1976) individual publication productivity as a social position effect in academic and industrial research units: (revised version). Forschungsberichte / Research Memoranda 117

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summary: studies of stratification in science have increasingly accepted the idea that science is a highly stratified and elitist system with skewed distributions of productivity and rewards. attempts to explain the higher productivity of higher status scientists by pointing to their greater ease of publication as far as acceptance of their work by journals and publishers is concerned were not supported by the data in some recent studies. if status in general does not confer greater ease of publication the present paper argues that position within a research organization does confer greater ease of author - or coauthorship - and this is the major explanatory variable accounting for productivity differences within research laboratories as far as quantity of articles (and books) is concerned. upward moves in a laboratory's formal or informal position hierarchy are associated with a change of a scientist's research involvement from goal executing to goal setting functions as well as withan increasing access to scientific manpower and project money. goal setting tasks provide for a significant reduction of time-expenditures in research necessary to assure that the scientist is identified with the research results consequently, they allow for an involvement in more research tasks than originally. equivalently, resources in scientific manpower and project money act as a multiplying element as far as quantity of output is concerned. when group productivity is considered, individual publication productivity and especially supervisory productivity retain a major significance. additionally, size of the research unit seemingly plays a key role: in the present data set, size tends to be negatively related to per capita group productivity, with most pronounced relationships occuring in academic natural science units.;

Item Type: IHS Series
Status: Published
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2014 10:34
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 14:07
URI: http://irihs.ihs.ac.at/id/eprint/117

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