on the effect of supervisors on group performance: a human relations thesis confirmed for academic research units

Knorr, Karin D. and Mittermeir, Roland and Aichholzer, Georg and Waller, Georg and Kofler, R. and Matuschek, Rudolf and Raidl, W. (October 1976) on the effect of supervisors on group performance: a human relations thesis confirmed for academic research units. Forschungsberichte / Research Memoranda 115

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summary: the literature on leadership in organizations is dominated by the human relations thesis that good leadership should lead to high morale and high morale should lead to increased productivity of group members. while the moral and cooperativenature of organizations presupposed by this thesis must be rejected for industrial settings, university organizations may warrant a description in those terms because of their special structural characteristics. in the present paper it is shown thatthe above relationship between supervisory quality, group climate and performance does indeed hold for academic institutions; additionally, planning and integrating functions of the supervisor emerge as important intervening variables. as compared to natural sciences, the relationship is significantly stronger in technological science groups, pointing to the fact that more integrated production technologies may be more dependent on leadership functions and group morale than technologies associated with a higher degree of uncertainty and variability as present in natural sciences. finally, the attempt is made to estimate the amount of response bias due to using perceptive rating scales with the help of the lisrel technique. while this results in a reduction of variance explained in performance, in general the variables used remain of substantial explanatory value.;

Item Type: IHS Series
Status: Published
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2014 10:34
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 14:07
URI: http://irihs.ihs.ac.at/id/eprint/115

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